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The Spiritual

"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


"A donkey with a load of holy books is still a donkey"
Sufi Proverb


"Drink your tea slowly and reverently, as if it is the axis on which the world earth revolves - slowly, evenly, without rushing toward the future; Live the actual moment. Only this moment is life"
Thich Nhat Hahn


"From the first, nothing is"
Buddha


"If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation"
J.Krishnamurthi


The GMR Series

XIV: Pragnya: The Elixir of Brain

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There is a true and complete meaning of life beyond the periphery of thoughts. This meaning can be deciphered only with the help of thoughtless awareness and knowledge. This knowledge is not based on any "cause & effect theory" or influenced by worldly situations. It comes from within - in form of Pragnya the thoughtless sensitive state of brain.

So far, materialism has been given prominence over the natural brain in ignorance. The study of psychology started with a perspective; "there should be some reason". Freud, Jung, Hobbs were among those thinkers or psychologists. They did not bother to understand the brain and just by studying the working patterns of mind, reached a conclusion that "struggle is the prime behavior of all human beings and that is why there is a constant struggle within the mind and life".

This is actually the main theory of Freud and he considered sexual desires as prime reason in this struggle. The other psychologists agreed with this basic principle but gave different reasons. Similarly, Freud also concluded that our inspiration to struggle, reigns its supremacy on the human being and the whole mankind is governed by this inspiration. In other words, struggle leads towards destruction and the humans are driven by their desires and wants. 

Dwarfing the Darwin

One may agree that struggle is the fundamental inspiration of the human life. The question, then, arises is that from which inspirations did great people like Krishna, Buddha, Lao-Tse, Christ, and many other great masters elevate? This is something to ponder. Our history is abound with theories and logic. The practice of portraying "false logic" under disguise of "pure logic" has been happening more or less in all the ages. Psychology is just a thinking process and based on analyses and assumptions. On the scientific front, it is not that all the established theories are based on facts. Just a fragment of these observations (in general) is based on the facts and they are mostly creations of deductive assumptions. The living example is in the Darwin's theory of evolution.

The principle of undeveloped, underdeveloped and developed creatures is mainly based on the historical facts and archeological discoveries. The theory about human evolution is, however, not correct and seems to be an assumption made on the basis of other theories. According to Darwin’s theory, Dryopethicus mammals were evolved in three species. First came Gorilla from Dryopethicus Panjaboy, that evolved in to Dyropethicus Gemanoy (Chimpanzee) and then Dyropethicus Darwinian or the man. The question is, "How the five and a half feet human evolved from two and a half feet Dryopethicus? How the transformation from four-legged creature to two-legged human occurred? How the human brain of 2000 cubic centimeters evolved from merely 150-200 cubic centimeters of Dryopethicus? How did this miracle happen? Even if the theory is true, then how come we still find Gorillas and Chimpanzees today? Why have the brains of the Gorillas and Chimpanzees not fully developed until now? Since there has not been any other competitive theory, Darwin’s theory has been sort of accepted without much resistance. There are many lapses and missing links in the theory but some scientists still consider that as a basic model to base their researches. Darwin failed to explain the evolution of the early cave man with regret and the matter has since been closed. Instead of accepting Darwin’s ambiguous theory, the process of evolution should be studied again with new perspectives. Should we accept the slavery of human mind in to an imaginative apparatus? It will be alright to relate working procedures to machinery and equipment. However, it is a great mistake to describe the natural human consciousness as a working procedure or formula. What is routine and monotonous in our lives is actually the mind – the thinking process. The very minds that try to make sense of the human life through theories and concepts are produces of the same system – thinking minds based on concepts and theories.

We have to understand that Human beings are not just creatures but a leap of consciousness (and Pragnya) from nothing to the existence of life. This is not progressive, categorical or graded evolution but a spontaneous and surpassing revolution. The exit of the soul (atma, chetna, energy) from the body means death. Unless this fact becomes clear to science, it should not rigidly apply the rule of cause and effect on the soul.

Prof. Dr Antonio Domasio has been conducting extensive research on the subject of the Mind and Brain and states that the answer to this would be found by the year 2050. It would be only thereafter, that man discovers the soul, atma, chetna. The scientists can thereafter comment on the concept of the soul.

Famous psychologist Eric Farm has totally discredited Freud and Darwin’s principles as produces of thoughts and fragments of conjecturing minds. He has presented life as a flow of consciousness. How the thoughts, which are illusory, can touch such a flow? He further asserted that the riddle of life cannot be solved by thinking and only a “mentally healthy” person can find an answer. This conclusion prompted a definition of the mental health. Mental health is an interesting term. We will further explore it in the following section.

New Challenges for the Science

The medical science does not have any definition of “health”, let alone the mental health. Though, in psychological studies, none of the humans are considered “healthy”. The term “health”, therefore, remains unanswered in the medical science, even today. The medical science relies on the concept of deductive logic in this matter. They assume that if there is no “apparent” illness, the body is healthy. The issue of “health” remains unanswered in spite of advancement in surgical procedures. For our purpose here, we will define the term “mental health” where the brain is free from the contamination of mind. A thoughtless, sensitive brain is the healthy brain.      

The culture and condition of this health does not change even if the time changes. It has the capacity to love and is free from race, creed country or any distinctions. It is an assemblage of various powers and exists on constant awareness. It has the deftness to assess the inner and outer worlds, and their truth, and is well aware how to discern a thing or an event with natural knowledge, since it is constantly in the live moment. A person who has all these qualities is mentally healthy (or living in Pragnya) and everybody else is mentally sick (Sane society page 69). If such is the definition of mental health, looking at our own mental health would be disappointing.

We may appreciate scientists for its way of looking at the things. They do not believe in the truth the way it appears in general. Rather, they tend to dissect, analyze and explore the nature of the things. In other words, they do not believe in “blind faith” and not accept anything because someone says so. They carry on the original discoveries made by their predecessors.

Science is scaling new heights as the time goes by. On all scientific fronts, be it humans, space, quantum physics or biology, science has redefined many of the earlier definitions and principles. As the new facts are being discovered through advanced research and technology, perceptions are getting clearer. Science has, however, erred in defining some facts based on mere indications and predictions. Even today, some of the analyses are depended on preliminary tests and signs. Even if science has no knowledge of an event or object, it can establish a postulation based on indications and tests. In medical science, for instance, there is an absolute cure for only four or five ailments. Rest all is guesswork. The doctors do not know the properties and characteristics of a virus or bacteria causing the sickness but can suggest a cure based on the symptoms. Besides, there have been contradictions among the scientific discoveries themselves. Since the whole truth cannot be established, the scientific community has the right to either accept or reject it. As a result, many scientists work in isolation, which has both advantages and disadvantages. Each solitary scientist may come up with a revolutionary discovery. On the other hand, a partial discovery may get ignored even if there was some truth in it. In far-off places and villages, the doctors are still distant from the modern science. 

Scientists, on the other hand, have also known their limitations very well. The most they can do with the available information is to use it to establish a new theory – or take it to further research. In making new experiments, they stumble upon something “new” and unexpected and that unexpected becomes a new discovery. However, caution is required as to how the discoveries are perceived. Merely knowing the existence of an element or phenomenon is not an achievement in real sense. The achievement would be to discover “why” it is there - the purpose of its existence. We know there are things that are strange and beyond comprehension. Our search is still restricted to the “what” is out there in ours and other worlds. The real challenge will come when they start looking at “why” it is there. They have achieved great success in breaking genetic codes but they have to still put the fertilized egg in the live womb to produce a baby. In future, they might be able to do it without a womb but the question, “Why we exist in the first place”, will still remain unanswered. If we cannot find real happiness for ourselves, in whatever perfect or imperfect life that we have, what will we achieve by creating new babies? Does being born different make any difference to our existing world other than a news headline? The truth of the human life and its existence is to be understood in its natural form. If we are able to understand the purpose of human life, we will be in a better position to ascertain what we need. Until then, it is just a child’s play for the scientists.

This fact has not escaped attention of some of the greatest scientists. Almost all of the great scientists, including Einstein, have accepted the fact in their last days, that, "there is some higher power or energy ruling this universe". We can recall Einstein’s statement;

"A human being is a part of the whole called by us - universe; a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts, and feelings as something separated from the rest; a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and affection for a few people near to us. Our task must be to free ourselves from this prison by widening our circle of compassion, to embrace all living creatures and the whole Nature in its beauty. Nobody is able to achieve this completely, but the striving for it, is itself, a part of liberation and a foundation for inner security ".

A Brain in Pragnya

To become Pragnya (TSGM) or natural brain (become one with the Nature in thoughtless state of the brain) is simply to discard the thinking process of the mind. We do not have to worry about removing the mind but removing its governance over the brain. Once the realization comes, the thinker transforms into Pragnya (TSGM). The mind itself understands the false world it has created through social relationships, emotional bonds, love, desires, lusts, ambitions, intelligence and other material thoughts and comes out of it. It becomes empty and a voice emerges from within that "I do not want to be anything and get nothing". This is the time when the brain becomes natural again and the person descends in an eternal peace. This is Pragnya and this is what we call liberation.

Known philosopher J.Krishnamurti describes the Pragnyawan as follows;

“We must have an insight. We must fully understand the commotion and doubts in the mind. After such an understanding has dawned, an impossible question emerges in the mind, "How and when will a complete picture of the mind come about?" Whether we will be able to open and display the whole consciousness of ours? And if such a task is possible in one instance in our lifetime? Whether it will be possible to keep aside the complete mechanical process of mind."

"Do we really have the answers to these questions? Try and see if your mind is acknowledging and accepting these questions. If it does not, it is better to keep away from this subject. If your mind has all the answers, it means it does not want to be free. Basically, your mind should be open and it would be sufficient to say, "I do not know" or "I have no knowledge". If your mind does not reach for a book to answer these questions, if it does not expect that the answers can be found with someone else and if it is not inclined to go to so-called religious gurus and priests, then this is the actual natural state of mind. When the mind acknowledges, "I really do not know anything", it is a beginning. We usually live under an illusion that "I understand everything". We think, "I understand the world, my wife, society, religion, professional life, education etc". We never start with; "I do not understand anything".

What if the mind balances on the ground of complete "unknown"? Do not get confused that it will become lonely. In our present state of mind, when the mind is doing hundreds of pointless activities at one time. We cannot comprehend the state of thoughtlessness. Since the mind is so used to "doing" things, that you will think, "what will you ‘do’ when you become thoughtless". We do not know that the brain in Pragnya is the most happening thing. It is one with the flow of the Nature and is not influenced by any culture. It is not limited to the past and future because such illusions have gone away with the thoughts. In that state it says, "I do not know anything". By saying this, it becomes natural and innocent. This is the state of Pragnya. There is no residue of the thoughts. Since there are no thoughts, all the presumptions, possibilities, predictions, prejudices, reservations etc. are washed away. The brain is free from the time and its limitations.

Do you understand how it has happened? Whatever you had stored in the depths of the mind has been wiped off. In fact, because of this your brain is in Pragnya. You have surpassed all what you had stored and come out of it untouched keeping a negative (neutral) outlook (not suppression). The meditation starts with Pragnya (TSGM). Whatever you have read is a part of it. You have to be, however, beware of the tricks of the mind. Even if the mind understands itself but is not emptied of the things as mentioned above, it will be caught in its own illusion. The liberation, then, will again be an illusion. (Conversations-II : J.Krishnamurti)

Famous philosopher Saint Ackhard gives another account of Pragnya (TSGM). He says;

"Thoughtless, (Pragnya-bound) now moment is the gate of the Heaven. The infinitesimal way that leads towards is the way to true life. Ego or "I" has no way to emanate, if the awareness is witnessed in (Pragnya) within the now moment. In the now moment, there is actually no one to experience anything (Brain devoid of "I" is part of the now moment). It is just the now moment itself. That is why the last man on this earth will disappear the same time when God created the first man (Now moment is eternal; there is no past or future/beginning or end) because God has only one moment and that is the now moment".

In the same now moment Ackhard says;

"See this now moment with thoughtlessness (Pragnya). See its beauty. See its divine light. Any person who is with this divine light is free from the past and future. He only witnesses the thoughtless sensitivity in the now moment. Every moment is new and magnificent".

Shankarachrya has said "Aham Nirvikalpo, Nirakaro Rupo, Chidanand Rupo, Shivo Hum, Shivo hum". Translated it means - I am thoughtless, bodiless, blessed and pure. He is, actually referring to the state of Pragnya.  Four Vedic Vedas, Six Scriptures, One hundred and eight Upanishads, Aagam-Nigam of Jains, Voice of Mahavir, Triptych, Dhammapada of Boddhas, Avestha of Parses, Guru Granth Sahib of Sikhs, Koran of Moslems, Puranas of Hindus, Gita, all the sages and saints of the world, reincarnations, Gurus, Messiahs, and liberated men (like Osho) have all acknowledged and emphasized on one same thing without any contradiction or mistake. That is - Elimination of Ego ("I").

In Osho Rajneesh’s words - "Elimination or destruction of the self is God". This is the state of Pragnya. The problem is that we do not want to give up the worldly pleasures. We do seek the state of Pragnya but want to achieve it through the mind and thoughts, keeping the ego intact. This is impossible. Tell me, how can you become thoughtless without eliminating the thoughts? Is it ever possible? The answer is No. Our mind, which itself is an illusion, is attempting to discover the truth, peace and enlightenment through a concept only. If we look at the world around us, we will realize that all the present systems have been from the "I", for the "I". Most of the worldly tools and methods, whether religious (through mantras, prayers, beliefs, yoga, etc.) or idealistic, have been based on presumptions and faith. The medium of this search is thoughts. Neither the religions nor science have so far come close to understanding the mind-brain duality. They warn us of vices and sins but stay short of recognizing the ego or “I” as an illusory entity. The danger is if they remove the “I”, they themselves will vanish. The institutes that claim association with the God are run by the minds of those who have chosen their profession out of thought and preference. They too enjoy the power and distinction their positions create in our societies. They have not been able to produce one self-realized or enlightened person in more than twenty centuries through their doctrines and books. If they cannot free themselves, how will they free the others? The prophets were indeed true and genuine. They saw the truth and left the knowledge for us. We have done little to use that knowledge, for using that knowledge leads to elimination of the self – the outcome neither the priests nor we want. We wish to hold on to our dreams, illusions, pleasures and still want to find the truth. The truth, in this sense, is just another acquisition, not a quest.

Why do we not realize that the thoughts are trapping us in a web? Neither the religions nor science has focused on the question. What could be the reason behind this? Is it not the thoughts or the “I”, that are leading us away from the realization of this truth? Once we are caught in the web of thoughts or the thinking process, it becomes difficult to come out of it. The learning of vedic scriptures or acquisition of atomic energy, are both the products of the thinking mind. Mankind continues to be unhappy. This clearly shows that it is not possible to bring about happiness and peace through the thoughts or the thinking process.

We have seen in this chapter that the people who have had true realization were given to thoughtlessness and Pragnya. Therefore, we ought to ignore the way shown by the intellectuals and try to achieve the state of Pragnya through thoughtless brain. More in the next chapter.

 Author’s definition of Pragnya:

Till date the perceived definition of pragnya is; to know everything and become innocent like a child. But it appears to be impossible because the word-bound conditioning that has gone into the DNA in the form of customs, traditions, education, religion etc. will never allow one to again attain child like innocence. Keeping this fact in mind, pragnya can be newly defined as; cessation of thoughts in the tongue, vocal cord, brain and hands for at least 10 minutes at any given time and for an hour or more within a span of 12 hours. After such a state, the brain will start using the words of the mind and think appropriately (not using the wisdom of the mind). Now, the brain has become the master of the mind rather than otherwise.

Similarly, pragnya can also be described in another way; the “I” in the brain gets created due to the mechanical thinking process occurring in the tongue, vocal cord, brain and hands. Due to this ‘I’, the internal and external perception of an individual gets limited. To enable one to see everything in totality or while one is trying to achieve the state of pragnyavaan, the thoughts occurring in the tongue need to be observed and stopped completely at least for 10 minutes. This exercise needs to be done for 3 months. After that to stop the thoughts from occurring in the hand one has to undertake the writing exercise which consists of writing those alphabets which one has learnt in school in the reverse order and also writing ‘I am an illusion’. After that one has to develop the ability to observe the ever-changing thoughts in the vocal cord with every breath for 3 months. And finally observing the thought signals coming from the brain to the vocal cord and tongue in the form of signals for 3 months is necessary. After all these exercises and with a firm decision to dissolve ones ‘I’ does it become possible to experience the state of thoughtlessness for 5 minutes in the tongue, vocal cord, hand and brain. Apart from the above it is also very important to undertake silence. It is only after that the doors of pragnya actually open. It means the possibility of the joining of the broken joints of the neurons is created. Only after such a state we can become thoughtless for 10 minutes. If such a pragnyavaan state remains for one hour in a span of 12 hours, only then can we become pragyavaan. The author feels this could be the real state of pragnya. Because all the neural connections in a child are joined to each other while we have only 100 such joints. This happens because of the mind. To become pragyavaan means having maximum neural connections. Due to the increase in neural connections the flow of sensitivity in the entire body increases due to which frequency of thoughts reduces and we remain in a neutral state in both happiness and sorrow. The brain gets completely connected with the body through sensitivity and our state of being becomes similar to that of a just born child. This state of being could be termed as ‘mukti’. This could be tested with the aid of a MRI in which the state of the brain of an adult can be compared with that of a child.

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